Romania practical information

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Capital: Bucharest

Population: 22.2 million (est. 2009)

Area: 237,500 sq km (slightly smaller than Oregon)

Languages: Romanian, Hungarian

Border countries: Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine

Coastline: 225 km

Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Black Sea 0 meters, highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 meters

Natural resources: petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

Life expectancy: total population: 72.45 years, male: 68.95 years, female: 76.16 years (2009 est.)

Ethnic groups: Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002 census)

Religions: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)

GDP per capita: $12,200 (2008 est.)

Unemployment: 4.4% (2008 est.)

Population below poverty line: 25% (2005 est.)

Industries: textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining

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